One of the technological advancement in energy sources of energy is biomass. Animal and plant natural is the main raw material required for the production of biomass energy. Unlike other sources of energy such as fossil fuel, biomass is friendlier to the environment since it produces zero or minimal carbon. To retain the volume of carbon dioxide required in the atmosphere, biomass should be produced responsibly in a way that no carbon is emitted to the air. Apart from zero production of coal, biomass produces minimal amounts of sulfur that in turn prevents acidic rain. Therefore, to stop the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, use carbon neutral sources such as biomass should be encouraged.
Cofiring and gasification are the methods that are used during the conversion of biomass. Cofiring refers to the direct combustion of biomass and coal that results to production of energy. Cofiring is advantageous as compared to gasification as it reduces the amount of carbon dioxide and sulfur oxide emitted. Another method is gasification which involves the conversion of carbonaceous feedstock into energy in high-pressure conditions. Therefore the products that are obtained from the process of gasification goes through a series of steps to convert them to the user required.
Apart from carbon neutrality another benefit that comes with use of biomass is reduced amount of methane produced. Methane destroys the ozone layer resulting in global warming when discharged into the atmosphere. Methane that is produced as a result of decomposition of plant and animal organic matter is converted to energy. The large quantities of plant and animal was that are disposed of in landfill sites can be converted to energy before they are translated into hazardous carbon dioxide. Biomass energy can be utilized in a wide range of areas except for the desert areas where the plants cannot quickly grow. Sectors that lack enough natural energy resources can build biomass plants for electricity.
Biomass is a more reliable source of energy as compared to other forms such as solar power and geothermal energy. Biomass energy production is possible in many areas since it is independent of sunlight or wind. For companies that are producing biomass waste can cut their maintenance cost by producing biomass energy.
Biomass pellet mills are used in the conversion of waste animal and plant to power in a way that reduces the amount of carbon emitted into the atmosphere. A good pallet mills should be constructed in such a way that it can handle a broad spectrum of wastes. The amount of humidity and size of particle of animal and plant waste also determines the effectiveness of the biomass pellet mill.
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